1971 Case study of a Ghanaian matrilineage (M.A. research)
1973 Research on local perceptions and practices with regard to sexual relationships and family planning in a Ghanaian rural community (PhD. Research)
1980/1983 Research on the distribution and use of pharmaceuticals in Cameroon
1993-1996 Rational use of medicines in Mali.
1995-2000 Primary Health Care in Zambia.
1994-present Research on social and cultural meanings of old age in rural Ghana.

The project focuses on the social position and (self) perception of elderly people in a rural community in Ghana. Special attention is devoted to changes in the lives of older people, care activities, respect, dependence, reciprocity, 'successful ageing', sexuality, wisdom, witchcraft, death and funeral.
1996 - present Culture, hygiene and sanitation in Ghana
2002-2004 Good and bad death in cross-cultural perspective

This project explores the cross cultural variation in patterns of disease, demographic factors, and cultural norms that influence the experience of death, dying and grief, particularly with regard to the cultural construction of different forms of dying as either 'good' or 'bad'. Participants include medical and other health sector workers, sociologists, anthropologists, epidemiologists and others. The results have been published in a special issue of the journal Social Science & Medicine and reflect a wide diversity of fieldwork experiences from different parts of the world, including Australia, Ghana, ancient Israel, ancient Greece and Rome, Japan, the Netherlands, Papua New Guinea (Kaliai), the United Kingdom and United States.
2002-present Hospital ethnography

Contrary to the opinion that hospitals are nearly identical clones of a global biomedical model, anthropologists are beginning to describe and interpret the variety of hospital cultures in different countries and social settings. Medical views and technical facilities may vary considerably leading to different diagnostic and therapeutic traditions. In addition, hospitals are more than places of therapeutic intervention. They may be religious institutions aimed at making converts, political tools to establish control and reward followers, places of emotion and family solidarity, workshops of science and technology, and centres of commercial activity. Hospitals are also the domain where the core values and beliefs of a culture make their presence most explicitly. What really counts, what people believe most deeply and who are truly 'related' shows itself unambiguously in periods of crisis, such as those occurring in the hospital. Hospital wards provide miniature representations of dominant social and cultural phenomena of a given society. Various authors participate in a cross-cultural project and will contribute to a collection which demonstrate this perspective. They will pay special attention to the link between the cultures within and outside the hospital. The two leading themes of the project are: the diversity of biomedical institutions in different social, cultural and political settings (in contrast to the supposed cosmopolitan uniformity of biomedicine) and the 'link' between medical practices in hospital and important features of society at large. Two special issues of Social Science & Medicine (2004) and Anthropology & Medicine (2008) include contributions from the following countries: Australia, Bangladesh, Denmark, Germany, Ghana, Indonesia, Kenya, The Netherlands, South Africa, Uganda, and United States of America.
2006-2010 Promoting access to and use of Voluntary Counselling and Testing and Antiretroviral Therapy among people living with AIDS in Ghana. (PhD researchers: Jonathan M. Dapaah and Benjamin K. Kwansa)

Promoting access to and use of Voluntary Counselling and Testing and Antiretroviral Therapy among people living with AIDS in GhanaThe objective of this research programme is to investigate in depth some of the key issues that inhibit people in Ghana from taking up services of Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) and Antiretroviral Therapy (ART), both from the supply side and from the demand side. Most of the research takes place in the Ashanti Region, the most heavily populated region of Ghana with around 4 million people. Sentinel sero-surveillance conducted among antenatal attendants in the area has shown an increase in HIV prevalence from 2.7 percent in 2000 to 4.4 percent in 2003, the second highest rate in the country. The central research question is: How can uptake of VCT and ART be increased in Ashanti region specifically, and more generally in the rest of Ghana?
The programme consists of three interrelated research projects. Project A will be carried out in two medical institutions involved in VCT and ART, and will investigate how conditions in those institutions influence uptake of VCT and ART. Project B will be conducted in communities served by the above medical institutions and will research the clients’ points of view regarding VCT and ART and the way they are offered to them through the medical channels. Social and cultural perceptions of blame, shame and stigma will take a central place in the research. Project C, finally, will synthesise the findings of above two projects, relate them to district, national and international policies and translate them into practical recommendations to policy-makers.
The study will shed light on how the above-mentioned services affect people’s perceptions of and behaviour towards HIV/AIDS. One of the assumptions is that the growing availability of antiretroviral medicines may decrease the stigma of HIV/AIDS and make people more interested in voluntary counselling and testing. The research combines qualitative and quantitative methods, takes a multidisciplinary approach and has a multi-stakeholder perspective, comparing and contrasting interests and views of different actors in the management of HIV/AIDS.


Reaching the poor in Ghana’s National Health Insurance Scheme (PhD researcher: Agnes M. Kotoh)

This program aims to design and evaluate interventions to stimulate MHO enrolment, with special focus on the poor. Project 1 analyses the impact, costs and process of problem solving programs to remove barriers to enrolment at the level of the community, MHO and health provider. Project 2 analyses the impact and costs of different approaches to identify the poor in order to target premium exemptions, in two different communities. In addition, project 3 evaluates the impact of enrolment on health care utilization, with special reference to the poor, in a cross-sectional analysis. All projects are carried out in both rural and urbanized communities in Ghana.


Social and cultural aspects of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Suriname (PhD researcher: Sahienshadebie Ramdas)

This project is part of a interdisciplinary research programme. It has an anthropological approach and focuses on perceptions of and treatment seeking behaviour for CL. Special attention will be given to stigmatization and the related reluctance to seek biomedical help. Preference for self-treatment and treatment by traditional healers among various population groups will be studied in the context of local social and cultural beliefs regarding health and disease and CL in particular.


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